23 Aug 2007 Understanding Royalty Free
There’s always a little confusion about Royalty Free licenses and how they affect the selling of your images. Here’s what you need to understand about Royalty Free when selling your photos in the microstock market.
Selling Photos Royalty Free
First, understand that when we say “selling photos” we’re really talking about “licensing photos“. Royalty Free is simply one of the licensing models. Its fundamental principles are:
- Multiple simultaneous use – many different buyers can buy the same photo and use it at the same time
- Pay once, use many – once purchased, the photo may be used in an unlimited number of projects
- Indefinite use – the license does not expire, so the buyer can use the image for an unlimited period of time
Be aware that these are general conditions of Royalty Free and may be altered or offset by the specific license agreements of microstock agencies.
“Royalty Free” doesn’t actually mean that the license is free of royalties. The “royalty” is what is paid to the photographer, distinct from the “license fee” which is paid by the buyer. An intermediary, such as a microstock agency, collects license fees from buyers and pays royalties to the photographers.
What’s the Alternative?
Rights Managed image licenses are distinct from Royalty Free licenses. License fees for Rights Managed images are calculated by multiple factors including the quantity of reproductions, the type of use, the region of use, and the time period of use. If the image is used more than once, more license fees must be paid. Images sold with a Rights Managed license require that the image is continually managed and cannot be sold to multiple people at the same time. This makes them unsuitable for the low prices and many sales approach of the microstock model.
Are There Any Limits?
Absolutely. The limits vary with the individual license of each particular agency, but they all impose limits on the quantity of reproductions and use of the image on items for resale. This is where Extended Licenses take effect, permitting the buyer to pay more to remove some of the restrictions.